Bloody shovel

Don't call it a spade

Monthly Archives: October 2014

Revolutions

Might as well post this here too:

I find interesting that when one sees Erasmus or Servetus, it’s clear that the growth of classical knowledge and the advancement of science had created a situation in which large parts of the intelligentsia in Europe had realized that Christianity was bogus.

They probably thought that rationality would prevail and that the Church would lose its power to science or something. But what happened is that screaming demagogues came out of nowhere in droves and soon dominated the ideological vacuum that incipient science had created. And what they sold was not rationality or heliocentrism, but something 10 times wackier and more violent than the Roman Church had ever been.

Fast forward to the late 18th century, and the further advances of science and history produce a new cohort of intellectuals convinced that Christianity, this time in 2 flavors is bogus. They probably thought that rationality would prevail …

but something 10 times wackier and more violent than the Puritans had ever been appeared, and won. We call it progressivism.

Fast forward to the early 21st century, and a small group of aspiring intellectuals are starting to notice that Progressivism is bogus. They probably thought …

Slavery in Medieval Italy, 3

Because most economic historians assumed – for the most part, correctly – that slavery in the medieval and early modern Mediterranean did not engender racial or ethnic rationales in favour of slavery, they regarded the ancestral origins and skin colour of slaves as merely two among several demographic factors, such as gender and age. They showed more interest in religion, which they understood to play a greater role in legitimising enslavement. Recent efforts to establish continuity between Mediterranean slavery and that of the Atlantic have taken a different approach. Now medieval and early modern scholars well-read in the literature on North and South American slavery have developed a healthy scepticism about the assumptions embedded in the work of economic historians of an earlier generation. Perhaps skin colour and ethnic origins, they hypothesise, were not arbitrary categories as was previously thought. Not surprisingly, the more recent efforts began by reassessing what was known about black Africans in the Christian Mediterranean.

Sub-Saharan African slaves show up in northern Italian records as early as the mid- fourteenth century. Until the mid-fifteenth century, Italian merchants from the north- ern peninsula acquired black African slaves mainly from Muslim merchants. When Portugal began to transport captives from the western coast of the African continent in the first half of the fifteenth century, Lisbon became another, important source of black African slaves.

And Portugal was never to be heard of again in world history.

At no time, however, did black Africans constitute more than a small minority of any slave population in a city of northern Italy. In southern Italy, their presence is detectable much earlier and persists much longer, due in part to Sicily’s commercial and political relations with Aragon and to its proximity to the markets of north Africa. Salvatore Bono estimates that black Africans in Sicily accounted for half of the servile population in the sixteenth century,


Explains a lot.

but their numbers decrease sharply thereafter as slave traders directed their supplies of captive Africans increasingly to the colonies in the western hemisphere. To replace them, slave traders in Sicily turned to Muslims from the Maghreb. Wherever in Italy black Africans were for sale, their prices fell significantly below those of lighter-skinned slaves, which suggests that they were not as much in demand as slaves from Central Asia or eastern Europe and reinforces the impression taken by previous historians that Italians had a prejudice against dark-skinned people.

Funny how this works huh. You get a market, where some things are bought and sold. When a product doesn’t sell well, the assumption is that there’s something wrong with the product. When Blacks don’t sell well, the market is rigged and the buyers are evil racists.

The scarcity of black Africans in Italian cities undoubtedly reinforced the exotic quality that some contemporary Italians attributed to them. But their visibility in the art of the period suggests that they were few enough to be exotic but common enough not to look out of place as servants in a painting. Isabella d’Este and members of her family are the best-known examples of fifteenth-century patrons who avidly sought but had to make considerable efforts to find captive black African children to add to their collection of slaves, servants, retainers, and objects of curiosity. In part, because they never constituted more than a very small minority of the slave populations of the cities of Italy, rationales for their subjugation on the basis of skin colour did not take hold as they did in Spain and Portugal. The interest today in black Africans in late medieval and early modern Italy seems shaped more by the knowledge of the catastrophic outcome of the Iberian and English systems of slavery across the Atlantic than their numbers would warrant.

I’d say the interest seems shaped in that academics wanna be holierthanthou.

Still, sub-Saharan Africans lived in Renaissance Italy, but there is no reason to believe their masters manumitted them less than slaves from elsewhere. This raises the question of freed slaves, all of whom would have been of non-European origin, who were incorporated into Italian city populations. During the period of domestic slavery, slaves could attain free status either through an outright grant of manumission later in life or as a condition of their owners’ last wishes as expressed in wills. Slave owners usually placed conditions on the free status they granted their former slaves. Retaining control over them in the form of patronatus, masters and mistresses freed their slaves on the condition that they continue to serve in their households for a set period of years. The promise of manumission in a slave owner’s will incited some slaves to murder their owners, prompting the government of Genoa to prohibit testamentary manumissions. Nevertheless manumissions do not appear to have been rare. Although there is no way to know how often owners manumitted their slaves, a sufficient number of acts of manumission from Florence, Genoa, and Venice survive to suggest that, even if the great majority of slaves never achieved free status, enough of them did to create the hope of manumission as a reward for a lifetime of involuntary service.

I wonder how represented were black slaves among those who murdered their masters in Genoa.

Given the ethnic diversity of slaves in Italy, the practice of manumitting slaves meant that Italian cities absorbed ex-slaves into their populations. A much understudied topic, freed slaves and their descendants appear not in only in records but also in the art of the period. Venetian court records, for instance, contain numerous references to men and women described as ‘tartarus’ or ‘tartara’ with no indication that they were or had been slaves, although it is highly likely that they had been or were descended from those who were. It was very common for ex-slaves to state their freed status in contracts in order to ward off possible counter-claims on themselves and their property. By the fifteenth century, the ubiquity in the archival record of the term ‘Tartar’ may indicate that it had become for the Venetians a catch-all label, like ‘Slav’ for ‘slave’, but more likely the term designated ex-slaves and their descendants.

Moreover, it would be a mistake to assume that all black Africans that appear in fif- teenth- and sixteenth-century art were slaves, since there is nothing to suggest that Africans benefited from the custom of manumission any less often than other slaves. The black African gondolieri in paintings by artists like Carpaccio or Veronese’s servants in ‘The House of Levy’ are likely to have been either slaves or free domestic servants, who had once been enslaved or who were descended from freed slaves. Nor is there any reason to assume that black slave women did not bear the same burden of sexual service. One scholar, in fact, has made a case to show that the mother of Alessandro de’ Medici, the first Medici duke of Florence, was a freed African slave. Whether freed slaves, especially those more darkly complected, stood on the margins of urban populations or became thoroughly and seamlessly assimilated in them is a question awaiting an answer.

The son of a slave, an African one at that, became the Medici duke of Florence! No kidding. What is this, the American Dream in Renaissance Italy? If Europeans were that cool on illegitimate children of slaves and upwards mobility, what did you need a Revolution for?

Neovictorianism in Campus

So this is doing the rounds lately.

It may be true that the feminist witch-hunt against anything that hurts women’s feelings are going to result in a return to Victorian sexual norms. The end is so sacred that apparently it justifies the means, which are screwing with a lot of boys’ future. But fuck the boys anyway; those who are having sex are the alpha bastards who are screwing all the girls to get some notches. No pity for them.

Not a bad argument; I’m not sure if it’s the alphas who are getting shafted by the date-rape witch hunt; by poor chance they probably are. The rest aren’t getting any poon anyway, they couldn’t possibly be doing any raping.

What’s hilarious is McDonald’s prediction: men will go back to Victorian norms too, and be celibate gentlemen who write a lot of cheesy love letters. But she forgets a small datum: there were no co-ed campuses in the Victorian era. No huge and beautiful institutions where girls aged 18-25 went giggling around in heavy make-up and short skirts.

You won’t get men to be Victorian if the girls don’t do it first. Feminism may be equipped to stop alpha dudes from pumping and dumping women, but it isn’t equipped from making girls start to behave themselves.

And the big question is: from a man’s standpoint, what’s the point of college if you can’t screw the girls? Especially when they go around showing their bodies and giggling in class all day. It’s not like women are incredibly interesting and men love to hear their profound conversations. McDonald exhorts young men to do some actual studying instead of getting drunk all day. But having women around isn’t precisely conducive to studying. Not only because having boobs shown around doesn’t help with concentration; having women around dumbs down any classroom discussion and shifts all topics to stuff women like to talk about.

If men aren’t to have even the vain hope of landing a drunken slut once a semester, there really is no point in having women around. If you wan’t people to go back to Victorian norms, get stable fiancees and do some actual studying; then do like the Victorians and get the women out of higher education. Then the men may do some actual studying and actually cherish the little female contact they can get.

Black herrings

There are many theories of what drives elite madness. Peter Turchin thinks it’s about elite overproduction, we have too many educated people with ambitions of high status, so they fight each other to see who’s holier-than-thou and gain status for themselves. Moldbug thinks it’s Puritanism evolved, getting ever more virulent. There also other theories: bureaucratic religion, mass-media induced cognitive failure. Choose your favorite one.

Whatever the cause, the disease is increasing and getting worse. It seems to be getting close to the terminal phase, when it goes berserk and kills the patient. See the Ebola crisis. A quite easily controlled tropical virus is growing out there because people would rather use it to compete for holiness rather than try to stop people from dying.

Spain has the only Ebola crisis in Europe, because a Catholic priest was in West Africa and got the virus. The 75 year old fucker, instead of dying among his flock of meek Africans who will inherit the earth, he moved all his contacts to get the Spanish government to send an airplane to take him to Spain for treatment. The 75 year old fucker obviously died. Then it became apparent that the medical team he was assigned was quite half-assed, so one of his nurses got the virus herself.

The very stupid nurse apparently has no children, but she has a dog. Some brighter minds in the government thought that the dog must be immediately be put to death. But the proud Spanish people wouldn’t have it. Poor dog! What did he do to anyone! If humans must be treated to great expense, then the dog must be saved too!

Now I’m mildly sympathetic to the argument. On the other side, though. I’d rather the infected humans and the dog be sent together to be quarantined in some concrete maze 2 miles under the ground. Or the sea, better. But no, the holy Spaniards, proud descendants of the people who made Inquisition trials into an art form, they had to fight for the rights of a dog to live with freely with Ebola in our society.

Screen Shot 2014-10-10 at 15.39.41

You gotta admit that cultural differences are funny. If this happened in China, probably by now the scandal would be that some merchants had been found selling the meat of Ebola infected dogs to sleazy restaurants, saying that it’s no big deal if you cook the meat with strong fire and thick soy sauce. Which is probably true.

As of now, there are 10 suspected cases of Ebola in Spain, all people close to the nurse. 2 of them are workers from a beauty parlor where the nurse went to have her leg wax done. But that’s not as important as the poor dog being killed for the crime of having Ebola.

On the other hand in the US, the moral ground, or should I saw the moral field, in the sports match sense of the word, is of course race. The US doesn’t have any dogs with Ebola, but it had a black man. So there’s where the moral jousting is focusing. So we have things like this: The implicit racism of Ebola.

The tragedy of Ebola is not just its staggering toll. It’s also the implicit racism that the deadly virus has spawned. The anecdotes are sickening, particularly a Reuters report this week that children of African immigrants in Dallas — little ones with no connection to Thomas Duncan, the Liberian Ebola patient who died Wednesday in a local hospital — have been branded “Ebola kids” simply because of their heritage or skin color.

No matter that nobody has been actually branded, which is what livestock and slaves in antiquity were done. No African kids had hot metal applied to their naked skin. No, they were just teased by children of their age. For all I know it was American blacks who did it; they’re pretty creative with their nicknames.

And no matter the utterly retarded reference to enterovirus 68, trying to make it look like it’s a worse threat than Ebola which is not taken as seriously. Enterovirus has nothing as close as Ebola’s fatality rate. And it’s domestic; you can’t avoid it by forbidding people to come from West Africa. But of course according to this bitch, if you can’t avoid one problem, you shouldn’t avoid any problem at all. Let us all refuse medical treatment because some diseases don’t respond to any treatment.

The funny thing though is that this retarded bitch works for the Woodrow Wilson International Center. Woodrow Wilson, besides being the founding father of USG as we know it, the crusader for democracy that destroyed all that is good, true and beautiful in Europe and beyond, he was also a southerner, and the most racist president in the history of the USA. He was the biggest fan of Birth of a Nation, and passed bills banning miscegenation. He’d probably use the Ebola crisis to nuke Liberia and poison it’s water supply. But now his foundation is paying salaries to people claiming that racism is worse than Ebola.

This two examples also show that race is actually a red herring. If the US had no blacks, or no history of blacks, the progressives would be yelling about dogs, or mice, or old trees. The precise content doesn’t matter, as long as it provides for holier-than-thou status whoring. See how popular Global Warmism has become worldwide; it’s context independent, so that moral jousters in any country can use it to claim holiness and its perks.

PS: note the English signs by the Spanish protesters. These are commonly thought as proofs of USG astroturfing. But this seems spontaneous. I think the reason is English is understood as the language of progressivism, the holy language; what Latin or Slavonic or Arabic are for their respective faiths. Instead of praying to obtain God’s favor, the ritual now is to express your holiness in English, so that the God of International Society agrees with you and gives you what you want. It’s a very short cognitive leap when you think about it.

The Slave Trade in Medieval Italy, 2

The overwhelming majority of the women and men sold to and by Italians came from Eastern Europe and Central Asia. Merchants traded in Russians, Circassians, Tatars, Abkhazi, Mingrelli, Geti, Vlachs, Turkish, and others from the Balkan, Caucasus, and Central Asian regions, some of whom were Christians, captured by enterprising local traders or sold into slavery by debt-burdened parents. In late fourteenth-century Florence, most of the slaves were Tartars. Genoese traders sold Greek-speaking adherents of the Eastern Church in Italian and Aegean markets until the late fourteenth century, when the Genoese government no longer allowed it. Far fewer Greek slaves appear in Italian notarial sources after the turn of the fifteenth century, which suggests that the populations of Italian slave-owning societies now viewed the enslavement of Greeks to be as illegitimate as their own enslavement.

(…) The Genoese relied heavily on Russian, Circassian, and Tartar slaves into the 1460s. In Venice, Tartars stand out among the slaves sold there. Only the number of Russian slaves reaches nearly as high a figure. When they lost access to the Black Sea in the late fifteenth century, the Genoese and Venetians resorted to Bosnian, Serb, and Albanian captives of the Ottomans.15 Sub-Saharan African slaves begin to appear more frequently in Genoese and Venetian records in the second half of the century, at the same time that domestic slavery in Italy declined.

In colonies established by Italians, the origins of slaves changed more slowly than they did in Italy. The reluctance to enslave Greeks, new to the cities of Italy, did not extend to Venetian and Genoese colonies. In Venice’s colony of Crete, as in Frankish Cyprus and Genoese Chios, the enslavement of Greeks persisted into the fifteenth century, although, in the case of Crete, Greek slaves were imported to the island from elsewhere. The indigenous Greek-speaking Cretan peasantry occupied a social rank slightly higher than that of slaves, similarly tied to landed estates like serfs in Western Europe but without the feudal implications. In the port of Candia on Crete, Catalan and Venetian traders sold slaves they bought in the markets of Thebes, Naxos, and the emirates of Asia Minor, where Turkish merchants sold captives taken mainly along the Aegean and Anatolian coastlines. As the fifteenth century progressed, in the colonies, Balkan and African slaves gradually replaced slaves from the Greek Islands and Black Sea.

Surely the fact that Greece was mostly Ottoman by the early 15th century has something to do with the lack of Greek slaves around. Perhaps the Genoese government was giving them protected species status, of a sort. Not many Greeks were left by this time, and the Ottoman needed the manpower for themselves.

And so the greedy Italians ran out of Greeks, and resorted to bringing Africans instead. Talk about resource management.

The Slave Trade in Medieval Italy

Before the trade in slaves shifted to the Atlantic Ocean at the end of the fifteenth century, merchants from Genoa, Venice, Palermo, and other Italian cities, supplied Muslim and Christian markets with slaves captured in lands outside of the Roman communion. Although Italians did not engage in slave trading with quite the same dedication that Catalan and Portuguese merchants applied to the business in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, the Genoese and the Venetians nevertheless offered them stiff competition. The demise of the Roman Empire in the West and thechanges in land tenure in the early Middle Ages contributed to a marked decline in slavery in Italy, but not its extinction. Venetians, for one, were supplying Muslims with slaves from Europe as early as the eighth century.Trading in and owning slaves increased after the ports of the eastern Mediterranean became accessible to Italian merchants at the start of the thirteenth century, but the most intense periodof Italian involvement in slave trading occurred during the 100 years before the most profitable trade shifted to the Atlantic Ocean in the late fifteenth century.Merchants from Italy acquired slaves mainly in the markets of the eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea and, to a lesser extent, by raiding unprotected coastlines.

After the fall of the Byzantine Empire in 1204 and the establishment of the Latin principalities in what is today mainland Greece and in the Aegean Islands, Venice, Genoa and independent Catalan adventurers vied with the Turkish emirates of Asia Minor for dominance over the region. Traders stripped the dismembered Byzantine Empire of much of its human flesh. Until the late fifteenth century, slave auctions in Black Sea ports and throughout the Aegean took place at the end of summer. Merchants came tothe ports of Caffa and Tana in the Black Sea mainly in search of grain, furs, cow hides,wax, honey, salt and of course fish, which they exported to Italy, but slaves figured pro-minently among their cargoes.

Thebes and the main port on the island of Negroponte (modern Euboia) also drew Christian and non-Christian traders in search of slaves. The slaves came from the hinterlands of the ports and from the islands and coast-lines all around the eastern Mediterranean and Black Sea. They were brought tomarket by local traders who sold them to the Christians and Muslims who hadcome there in search of good deals and marketable goods. No description of the markets or the condition of slaves put up for sale in those ports survives, but the methods of their confinement were very likely to have changed little since the ninth and tenth centuries, when travellers described seeing bands of young men and women, often shackled around the neck or legs, herded together on shorelines,waiting to be loaded on to vessels.

By the fourteenth century, transporting slaves by sea presented problems that Venice sought to minimise by prohibiting the transport of slaves on galleys.

Merchants could contain the threat of slave revolt or panic more easily on cogs or other round ships than on narrow and low-laying galleys. Unlike galleys with their limited and unsuitable cargo space, the cogs adapted for use in Mediterranean water had holds in which groups of slaves could be stowed more securely than was possible in oar-propelled galleys

From this interesting paper.

Silver Linings

Cthulhu swims left, and it seems it’s approaching the internet. The volunteer thought police, now called social-justice warriors, are infiltrating a lot of internet communities and then opening the city gates for the Cathedral armies to get in and carry away the leaders to replace them with women, fags and their male slaves.

Around 5 years ago I started to notice that a lot of sports coverage on TV was now done by women, and lots of women started to come out as sports fans. I’m talking of Europe so this is soccer, basketball, formula 1 racing and that sort of stuff. I remember from my childhood that women were constantly complaining about sports being retarded, and nagging how men waste so much stuff watching sports instead of taking them out on romantic dates. Now it’s women going by themselves to the soccer stadium and yelling hooligan sons.

I didn’t like that development. It felt odd. I actually agreed with women that watching sports was retarded, and I can understand that they’d prefer their men take them out to have fun. But women watching sports didn’t make any sense to me.

Now I was never much into internet communities of any sort. I’d rather read a book or play a sport than talk endlessly about it and change my clothes to reflect my hobbies.. So I’ve not been very aware of what’s going on around internet communities during the last years.

But apparently there’s a quite simple story, mainly that women have infiltrated all the thriving communities that existed, and shortly after the social justice inquisition came in, so that now all these communities have fallen to O’Sullivan’s law, and have become Cathedral agencies to promote feminism, negro-worship and sexual deviancy. The last of these has been videogames.

Now if I should react to anything it should be videogames. I’ve been playing videogames since before I can remember. I’ve played a lot, orders of magnitude more than what is proper and healthy. Not anymore though; I lost my passion for the thing years ago, besides the odd strategy game I still have installed to kill time during some rainy weekend.

So now it appears that the “gaming journalism”, whatever that is, has been infiltrated and destroyed by a bunch of sluts who have been fucking everyone in sight in order to promote themselves, and some games they have made. I did know there’s such thing as “indie games”, and I guess it’s natural that some women have been making themselves a name in the indie side of the industry, given that it’s a rather low-investment, small-scale thing, driven much by social marketing than by the actual content. If women are good at something is social marketing, i.e. making themselves noticed by any means. It doesn’t help that men are hard-wired to notice women from 10 miles away.

And so the gaming websites out there, which were built mostly by Call of Duty or Grand Theft Auto or Nintendo fans to talk about their favourite pastime, have now become a racket full of broads and manginas talking endlessly about broads and manginas and how holy they all are. And the CoD and GTA and Mario fans have complained, only to reveal themselves as unholy demons who must be destroyed. And so videogame journalism was co-opted. And soon enough the biggest entertainment industry in the world will slowly wither away, because every single game out there without a Transgender Black Lesbian as a protagonist will be denounced as unprogressive.

A lot of men are pissed at this development, especially because videogames are very, very popular. But as I was saying the same thing more or less happened around science fiction, fantasy, sports, the military, and anything that men care about. Cthulhu swims left and everything moves with it. The laws of physics might vary in different parts or dimensions of the universe; but O’Sullivan’s law does not.

And a big part of why this is possible and resistance is futile is that: nobody gives a shit. Nobody gives a shit about “gamers”. Nor sci-fi readers, nor football fans, nor USG mercenaries. And that’s a good thing. Men shouldn’t be playing games. They shouldn’t be getting excited everytime a bunch of Africans put a ball in a basket. They shouldn’t be fighting for our sexual freedoms in Iraq. They certainly shouldn’t waste their leisure time talking about Game of Thrones.

The beatings will continue until morale improves. Women will continue to subvert and destroy any little residue of freedom and leisure that men build for themselves, the same way that NAMs will always continue to move into white neighborhoods and force people to lose their savings to flee. And that’s a good thing. Men shouldn’t feel safe and happy. Men shouldn’t have hobbies to focus on and avoid facing reality. Perhaps if women continue to destroy any community that men build, some men will come to realize the fact that women don’t belong into men’s communities. If the media continues demonizing any men that points out that social justice agitators are transparent frauds, perhaps some men will notice that the media isn’t about telling the truth.

Progressives are busy destroying what we have left of civilization. It’s a good thing that they started by depriving men of their hobbies. You don’t want men playing games when the shit hits the fan. Hopefully in 10 years Xboxes will only be available in pink, and all games will be about the journey of discovery of Transgender Black Autogynephilic Lesbians and how they learned to love Big Brother. Then perhaps a few more men will get the message.